Influenza flu is more likely to cause severe illness in pregnant women than in women of reproductive age who are not pregnant. Changes in the immune system, heart, and lungs during pregnancy make pregnant women and women up to two weeks postpartum more prone to severe illness from flu, including illness resulting in hospitalization. A common flu symptom is fever, which may be associated with neural tube defects and other adverse outcomes for a developing baby. Getting vaccinated also can help protect a baby after birth from flu. Mom passes antibodies onto the developing baby during her pregnancy.
HIV/AIDS in Thailand
Flu & Pregnant Women | CDC
The effect of endogenous and exogenous steroid hormones on risk of HIV acquisition, transmission, and disease progression is unknown. It also sponsors the development and improvement of methods for studying sexual behavior. The Branch funds extramural research investigating the interrelationships among social, institutional, economic, and cultural contexts and sexual behavior. It also supports efforts to develop and evaluate behavioral interventions that are relevant within these contexts. Branch-supported research in this area includes studies of the onset and trajectories of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and sexual partnerships and research on partnership dynamics and characteristics. The Branch also is interested in studies of the consequences of sexual behaviors and related aspects of reproductive health for individual well-being, interpersonal relationships, reproductive outcomes, and the well-being of families, communities, and society.
Flu & Pregnant Women
After Thailand 's first case of [imported] AIDS was reported in —in a Thai student who returned from college in the United States  —and after the first laboratory detection of HIV in ,  starting in early , HIV infection spread explosively in sequential waves in one risk group after another. Information on the prevalence of AIDS in Thailand was initially suppressed due to the concern of affecting the economy of the tourist industry. By HIV prevalence had declined to 1. The virus then spread rapidly to injecting drug users IDUs , followed by prostitutes.