Philosophy is an incredibly broad subject and there is no single starting point that will be best for everyone. Where available, each list aims to contain:. This variety aims to provide options to suit many different learning styles. If you prefer more depth, you can choose a more comprehensive introduction, a relevant handbook, or pick up one of the classics. These lists were created by browsing through hundreds of community recommendations , philosophy course syllabi , and encyclopedia article bibliographies. More infomation on each of these lists can be found by following the link above each list.
Critical Analysis of Peter Singer’s Famine Affluence and Morality
The Problem of Poverty in Famine, Affluence, and | Help Me
Global justice is an issue in political philosophy arising from the concern about unfairness. It is sometimes understood as a form of internationalism. Henrik Syse states that global ethics and international justice in western tradition is part of the tradition of natural law. It has been organised and taught within Western culture since Latin times of Middle Stoa and Cicero, and the early Christian philosophers Ambrose and Augustine.
Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay
John Stuart Mill — was the most famous and influential British philosopher of the nineteenth century. He was one of the last systematic philosophers, making significant contributions in logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and social theory. He was also an important public figure, articulating the liberal platform, pressing for various liberal reforms, and serving in Parliament. We will concentrate on his two most popular and best known works, Utilitarianism , cited as U and On Liberty , cited as OL , drawing on other texts when this sheds light on his utilitarian and liberal principles.
Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism , its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specifically, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. A key point in this article concerns the distinction between individual actions and types of actions. Utilitarians believe that the purpose of morality is to make life better by increasing the amount of good things such as pleasure and happiness in the world and decreasing the amount of bad things such as pain and unhappiness.